Monday, 23 November 2015


If original sin is human then original transgression is divine. Transgression precedes sin. Humans lost their innocence because of sin but it was transgression of God which made the innocence possible. Sin is 'missing the mark' in contrast to transgression, which is, 'deliberate crossing of the line.' This deliberation must precede innocence. Sin can be committed in innocence whereas transgression requires full conscious of the line to be crossed.

Within the sacred, taboo is juxtaposed to transgression. Taboo demarcates and regulates the boundaries of the limit. It is in violation of the taboo does the transgression 'violently'[1] opens the space of limitless. Only in the sacred realm taboo comes into play by placing limits. But sacred space and limits depends on the movements of crossing those limits in other words, as Bataille writes, "The sacred world depends on limited acts of transgression."[2] These acts of transgression do not “deny the taboo but transcends it and completes it.”[3] Thus taboo is in place to limit the limitless (sacred) while it is transgression which invades the limitless by pushing the limit. In Foucault’s words, “Transgression carries the limit right to the limit of its being.”[4]

In Christian soteriological history, transgression precedes taboo. Initial transgression is visible only in the retrospective of the revelation of the taboo. The taboo that is revealed “You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything” (Ex. 20:4; Deut 5:8) is preceded by “Then God said, “Let us make humankind in our image, according to our likeness;”” Gen 1:26 (NRSV). This taboo which was revealed had already been transgressed by the divine in the very form of human being. Thus the sin of Eden only resulted in the limitless (expelling) by closing out the limits of the “Garden”. The sin of the human resulted only in the moving of the limit towards the limitless where the divine transgression has now set the limits.

Monumental transgression makes way for wiping of the horizon of whatever limits set for transgression by transforming it thereby into righteousness. For instance parent’s transgression when uncovered by a child is also an uncovering of the consciousness of the limits of transgression thereby transforming both the parent and the child by wiping away the child's limited transgression into his own righteousness because of the monumental transfiguration of the known limits of transgression. Thus righteousness always depends on the limits of transgression when the horizon is transfigured through a monumental transgression then all limits are raised towards this monumental transgression leaving everything transformed behind it as righteousness.

As the final act to the story of salvation, one final leap of transgression by the divine transforms the limits once and for all. This final “fall” of the divine is how it “emptied himself, taking the form of a slave, being born in human likeness. And being found in human form.” Phil 2:7 (NRSV, italics mine). This transgression of the divine reverses everything by limiting the limitless. This monumental transgression once and for all breaks the taboo on the first instance and in the second removes all bounds on the transgression by wiping away the horizon clean with no demarcation between the limitless and the limit. Now the limitless is within the limit and the sacred has removed its taboo to be fully transfigured itself as the totality of transgression, thus offering the righteousness to every conceivable transgression. This monumental transgression not only offers total salvation from all conceivable transgressions it also reopens the being as if for the “first time” saying, “they do not know what they are doing” (Lk. 23:34), thus restoring even the innocence.